12 de janeiro de 2021
Marred by corruption and abuse, the judiciary and police remain largely ineffective. Every 23 hours, a woman violently loses her life in Honduras, said on Tuesday, the director of the Violence Observatory of the National Autonomous University, Migdonia Ayestas. It is estimated there are around 23,000 gang members involved in turf wars and almost daily shoot-outs with police. Thefts, break-ins, assaults, rapes, and murders do occur. Drug trafficking and gang activity, which includes local micro-trafficking of narcotics and extortion, are the main causes of violent crime in Honduras. Although its specialists occasionally cannot provide the U.S. standard of care, the hospital and diagnostic departments do have the capability to provide most medical procedures. The government is implementing similar programs for other locations (e.g. Counterfeit products are predominately but not solely in the pharmaceutical and apparel industries. Guatemala continues to accompany Honduras with high levels of homicides, while El Salvador maintains a substantial reduction, which specialists attribute to actions taken by the government of Nayib Bukele. Gangs control some of the taxi services. There is no information to suggest that criminals specifically target U.S. citizens or foreigners. -threat location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests. La Ceiba, Trujillo) and major hotels; other tourist installations have increased private and police security. Animals and people wander onto the roads. There is often a spike in skimming in December and June, when the working population receive Christmas and mid-year bonuses in the form of one extra month’s salary. In 2017, the Honduran Congress unanimously passed a bill making all child marriage of those below the age of 18 illegal. Following anticorruption protests in 2015, President Hernandez signed an agreement with the Organization of American States to form the Mission Against Corruption and Impunity in Honduras (MACCIH). The study considered the city of San Pedro Sula in northern Honduras, due to its high levels of violence and displacement. Spurred by anger with the government over accusations of public corruption, allegations of involvement in narcotics trafficking, and efforts to pass controversial education reform, protests and demonstrations were near-daily occurrences at times during 2019. These tensions have resulted in intense protests and violence. Hondurans continue to be affected by MS-13 and Calle 18 gang activity in cities such as Tegucigalpa, Choloma, La Ceiba, Tela, and San Pedro Sula. Violence based on gender identity or sexual orientation is widespread in Honduras. The country does not appear to be a terrorist safe haven. Honduras has one of the highest homicide rates in the world. While many protests remain relatively peaceful, demonstrations can escalate into violent confrontations with the police resulting in destruction to public and private property. Review OSAC’s reports, Hotels: The Inns and Outs and Considerations for Hotel Security. Media reported that Honduran authorities obstructed and in some cases barred Hondurans from leaving the country by demanding identity documents, establishing checkpoints and blockades, and even teargassing the caravan. Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns. Review the State Department’s webpage on. Lobo denies the allegations. Fire Department operations: +504-2231-1667. There is street crime even in gated communities commonly referred to locally as Barrio Seguros; these are generally safer areas in which to reside because of their heightened security measures. There are no legal cases involving instances of terrorism affecting U.S. citizens or facilities brought before the Honduran judicial system, and no reports of judicial developments that would have a negative impact on U.S. counterterrorism efforts. for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password. There are no known international terrorist groups operating in Honduras. Crime in Honduras concerns how in recent years Honduras has experienced very high levels of violence and criminality. It was the first conviction achieved by MACCIH. LGBTI+ travelers should exercise caution, especially when expressing affection in public. Honduran law requires access to buildings for persons with disabilities; however, there are limited facilities for individuals with disabilities. However, there can be communal tension over land ownership, natural resource allocation, and exploitation. Officials say 2,241 kilograms of cocaine have been seized between January and July 2020, a little more than last year’s entire haul of 2,218 kilograms, Proceso Digital reported. the Copan Mayan ruins and Roatán). This is a common practice for most automobile accidents where personal injury occurs, and for cases in which someone is accused of a criminal act. Gangs control some of the taxi services. Violence linked to land disputes also occurs, particularly in the Bay Islands and Bajo Aguan Valley in northern Honduras. The court took into consideration the context of violence and discrimination against LGBT people in Honduras. In August, media reported that a court sentenced former First Lady Rosa Elena Bonilla, wife of ex-President Lobo, to 58 years in prison on corruption charges. Kidnappings declined by 82% since 2013, from 92 in 2013 to 14 in 2018, and 12 in 2019. gangs are the most active and powerful. For fire and public safety emergencies, dial 911. In 2016, figures showed that over 66 percent of its population lived in extreme poverty. Gangs are not reluctant to use violence, and specialize in murder-for-hire, carjacking, extortion, and other violent street crime. Review the State Department’s webpage on security for. The following diseases are prevalent in Honduras: Chikungunya, Dengue Fever, Malaria, and Zika. Download the State Department’s Crime Victims Assistance, For fire and public safety emergencies, dial. These tensions have resulted in intense protests and violence. HMC’s lab was reviewed by the Regional Medical Laboratory Scientist and found to be up to U.S. standards and quality assurance practices. Members of the LGBTI+ community have reported violent assaults because of gender identity and sexual orientation. Source: Secretaría de Salud [Honduras], Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) e ICF International, 2013. Journalists, environmental activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are vulnerable to violence. Reports of kidnappings of U.S. citizens are not common, with zero reports for 2019. Chanting, “long li… Traffic signs, even on major highways, are often inadequate; streets are often unmarked even in major cities. Driving in Honduras can be dangerous. The Violence Observatory at the Honduran National Autonomous University claims that at least 15 women have been murdered in the first two weeks of 2020. As of September, officials were debating whether to extend MACCIH’s mandate, which was set to expire at the end of 2019. The public transportation sector is a regular target of extortion, and experiences higher levels of homicide than many other sectors. Responding police fired tear gas in and around the main terminal to regain control after protesters entered the building and airport grounds. América Latina – Tormentas, Hoja de información básica n.o 8 Año fiscal (AF) 2021 Format Situation Report Source. Embassy employees and others have experienced skimming at well-known restaurants, hotels, and retailers. HMC’s lab was reviewed by the Regional Medical Laboratory Scientist and found to be up to U.S. standards and quality assurance practices. Avoid protests, which can quickly turn violent. Police may take hours to arrive at the scene of a violent crime or may not respond at all. A December 2018 study by the National Committee on the Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment, an official body, reported that the country’s prisons held 21,004 inmates, a figure double that of a decade earlier. The UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders calls Honduras one of the most dangerous countries in Latin America for human rights defenders. Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba) have homicide rates higher than the national average, as do several Honduran departments (a geographic designation like U.S. States), including Atlántida, Colón, Cortés, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, and Yoro. Title insurance is not widely available in Honduras and approximately 80% of the privately held land in the country is either untitled or improperly titled. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Honduras. Cruise ship passengers should take safety precautions, avoid unfamiliar areas, and book only with reputable tour companies during their stopover in Honduras. The crackdown left several people dead and many more injured. As a result of Honduran government efforts in close cooperation with the United States, homicide rates have fallen from 86.0 per 100,000 residents in 2012 to 43.6 per 100,000 at the end of 2019. In March, gunmen in Nacaome killed Valle TV reporter Leonardo Gabriel Hernández in retaliation, police said, for Hernández’s work exposing organized criminal groups. This includes the crime of “public disturbances,” vaguely defined to include “violence or serious intimidation [that] frightens a population or part of it.” The code also uses overly broad language in defining the crimes of “illicit assembly,” “demonstrations,” and “terrorism.” In July 2019, the IACHR and OHCRH expressed concern over these provisions and called for their review. Honduras: Land of gangs and violence One of most violent countries in the world . Satellite Phones: Critical or Contraband? Review the State Department’s webpage on security for travelers with disabilities. There have also been cases of police harassment of patrons in LGBTI+ nightclubs. Only sealed commercial water containers (bottles) are considered safe to drink. Despite a recent downward trend, the murder rate remains among the highest in the world. The government has a police investigative unit dedicated to investigating violent crimes against the LGBTI+ and other vulnerable communities, composed of Public Ministry prosecutors, members of ATIC (prosecutor’s investigative agency), and the Honduran National Police; however, it has limited resources and functions primarily in the major urban areas. Do not travel to Gracias a Dios Department due to crime. or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). Police said at least 20 gunmen took part in the operation on Thursday afternoon in El Progreso, around 30km (18 miles) east of Honduras' second city, San Pedro Sula. In one case documented by Human Rights Watch in June 2019, a transgender woman was killed and mutilated near San Pedro Sula in an apparent hate crime. March 9, 2020. 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